Tooth Enamel Repair

Tooth enamel is a hard protective coating that shields teeth from cavities and damage. It also insulates them from hot, cold and sweet foods and drinks.


Foods and beverages with high acid content, such as soda and fruit juice, can cause enamel erosion. This can lead to tooth sensitivity and other problems.

Dental Veneers

Dental veneers are a popular and versatile cosmetic treatment that can be used to repair teeth that are discolored, chipped, worn down, misaligned or have gaps between them. They can also be used to make small teeth look larger. This treatment option is non-invasive and typically only requires two appointments to complete.

During the first visit we will discuss your goals and create an individualized plan to fit your needs. Once the area has been numb, your dentist will trim off a thin layer of enamel to ensure that the veneers bond properly. An impression of the tooth will then be taken to create a model that will be sent to a lab to construct your new veneer.

The process of applying the veneers is relatively quick and painless, though patients should expect a bit of soreness in their gums and jaw for a few days. Once the cement has cured we will schedule your follow-up appointment to remove excess cement, check the bite and evaluate whether there are any adjustments that need to be made.

Although maintenance for veneers is easy, it is important to avoid hard, crunchy or chewy foods and to brush and floss regularly. We also encourage patients to wear a mouthguard when playing contact sports or a splint at night if they grind their teeth and to avoid biting nails or chewing on pens as these habits can damage the natural enamel underneath the veneer.

Dental Bonding

Dental bonding is a cosmetic procedure that uses composite resin to repair damaged tooth enamel. The dentist uses a shade guide to select a resin that closely matches the color of the natural teeth. The dentist will apply the resin to the surface of the teeth, reshape it, and cure it with a special light. The dental bonding process is very fast, usually less than an hour for each tooth, and the dentist will probably not need to use anesthesia. Bonding is not as esthetic as veneers or crowns, and the resin can stain around the edges of the tooth with age.

Tooth bonding is ideal for repairing minor damage, such as chips or cracks in the front teeth. The dentist can also use it to fill in small cavities and reshape the surface of the teeth. However, if the problem is severe or you want a permanent solution, we may recommend a veneer or dental crown.

Before the dentist applies the resin to the tooth, they will roughen the surface of the teeth to help the material stick to the tooth. The dentist will then apply the bonding agent, which is liquid, and then the composite resin, which starts out in a putty-like state. The dentist will shape the resin to repair the damage and to match the rest of the teeth. Once it is hardened with the curing light, the dentist will polish it for a smooth finish and check the bite.

Dental Crowns

Dental crowns are one of the most effective restorative treatments for tooth enamel repair. These ceramic caps cover the entire surface of a damaged tooth to restore its shape and strength. They look very similar to natural teeth, and they can last for years if properly cared for. You should brush them regularly, avoid eating super sticky foods, and chew sugarless gum to prevent further damage. In addition, you should drink plenty of water and take probiotics to remineralize the teeth and combat aging effects.

A crown can also help you get rid of a large cavity or tooth decay that cannot be treated with a filling. The bacteria in a cavity will gradually eat through the hard, protective enamel and reach the dentin layer underneath. The softer dentin is more susceptible to decay and infection than the stronger enamel, which means that a damaged tooth can quickly become severely painful and irreparable.

A dentist can use a dental crown to protect a tooth after a root canal procedure, when a healthy, live tooth is removed from the root of the tooth. These crowns also serve to keep a tooth healthy after a dental bridge or dental implant is placed. Patients can also use them to repair a broken tooth or to correct cosmetic flaws like misshapen, discolored or crooked teeth.

Tooth Whitening

Tooth whitening is one of the most popular cosmetic dental treatments available to patients. Unlike dental veneers or dental crowns, a teeth whitening treatment only covers the outer layer of your tooth to give it a brighter appearance. It is important to consult your dentist before undergoing a whitening procedure to ensure that your teeth are healthy and that the treatment will work. There are also some types of staining that do not respond well to whitening. Yellow/brown stains from food and beverages respond very well to whitening, but grey staining from medication or developmental defects may not be as effectively treated.

Whitening treatments utilize a bleaching agent to lighten the color of your tooth enamel and dentin. There are many different products on the market, each designed for specific types of stains. Some are available over-the-counter, while others require professional supervision and a higher concentration of bleaching agents. Generally, the process of teeth whitening is fast and results are visible within days.

Most whitening treatments cause temporary increased sensitivity and irritation to the gums. However, there are some newer whitening treatments that have been shown to prevent these issues. In particular, Pronamel Intensive Enamel Repair protects teeth from acid erosion during and after a whitening treatment while still providing the same whiteness. This is achieved by locking in repairing minerals that absorb deep into the surface of your enamel to repair microdamage and strengthen your teeth.